Yzerfontein is a small harbour town with about 1200 inhabitants on the west coast of South Africa about 90 km north of Cape Town. The main sources of income are tourism (especially during the wild flower season from August to October), and fishing.
Yzerfontein is known for its unique 16 Mile Beach, the longest uninterrupted sandy beach on the South African coastline, stretching north of the main beach, to the West Coast National Park which borders the town. Dassen Island is about 10 km offshore to the west.
Yzerfontein is the landing point for the ACE and WACS submarine communications cables.
Outside of town is the Darling Wind Farm and it is operational with plans for expansion.
Dassen Island is a South African island in the Atlantic Ocean. It is situated about 10km west of Yzerfontein and 55km north of Cape Town. The flat and low-lying island measures about 3.1 km long northwest-southeast, and 1 km wide, with an area of 2.73 km² . It is a proclaimed nature reserve.
The geological structure of the island is composed of a fine-grained tourmaline granite (with a few areas of biotite granite) outcrop covered with sand. Some of the granite features along the shore - to just above the high-water mark - consists of large, rounded boulders which stick out above the sand. Although temporary pans form during the winter in the interior, there is generally little fresh water on the island.
Except on its eastern side, Dassen Island is surrounded by reefs and consequently many ships have run aground here.